GREENGUARD Product Emission Standard For Children & Schools
GREENGUARD Children & Schools Product Certification Program complies with the State of California’s Department of Health Services Standard Practice (CA Section 01350) for testing chemical emissions from building products used in schools, offices and other sensitive environments. As such, GREENGUARD Children & Schools Certified products can be used as a strategy to earn valuable credits in the CHPS Best Practices Manual for K-12 schools (CHPS/GEI Agreement), U.S. Green Building Council's LEEDâ Green Building Rating System, Green Guide for Healthcareä, NAHB Green Building Guidelines, Green Globes, Regreen and numerous other local authorities green building codes.
Children are more heavily exposed to environmental toxins than adults, as a result their exposure levels are the basis for sensitive environments. They consume more food, water, and have higher inhalation rates per pound of body weight than adults. To account for inhalation exposure to young children with greater sensitivities, a body burden correction factor of 0.43 has been applied to current allowable emission levels from indoor materials and furnishings.
In addition, the exposure to individual volatile chemicals, as detected in the C6 - C16 mass spectrometric analysis screen, has been adjusted to allow no greater than 1/100 currently published Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and no greater than ½ California's Chronic Reference Exposure Levels (CRELs). In many cases, the 1/100 safety factor reduction of TLVs results in the most stringent requirements for an extensive range of VOCs. The total VOC or TVOC measurement will take into account the complex mixture of all VOCs found to be out gassing from the product, including those with and without TLVs or CRELs.
In addition, limits on emissions of total phthalates (consisting of dibutyl (DBP), diethylhexyl (DEHP), diethyl (DEP), dimethyl (DMP), butylbenzyl (BBP), and dioctyl (DOP) phthalates) have been added to the list of requirements. Recent research indicates that inhalation is an important route of exposure to phthalates, and that these chemicals have been associated with endocrine disorders, reproductive and developmental toxicity, asthma and allergies.
Emission controls are established to define low-emitting materials for educational and learning/play environments for young children